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If you are planning to travel for work, you will probably find yourself in some major urban big city centers.
The key is to always keep practicing—and to find the perfect resources for your business purposes! Get some podcasts. This series of podcasts from the British Council will help you to improve your English in your workplace.
Listen to others. Pay attention to every native speaker you encounter. When answering a question they ask you, listen carefully to their choice of words and try to use those same words in your answer.
Practice with real business English videos on FluentU. FluentU provides real-world English videos for industries like sales, engineering, oil and gas, hospitality and many others. The videos are personalized based on your language level and learning needs. All you have to do is tap or click on one of the words in those subtitles to get more information. Read, read, read! Uptick from Forbes is for more advanced business English learners.
The articles are written for and by native speakers, so the language is very current and focused on business. Business Wire is a Canadian online magazine that operates as a business news and press release network. They cover an incredible range of business sectors areas so the language varies a great deal.
Face Time. Google Talk. Or WebEx. The list goes on and on. These programs are used in business for person-to-person calls, interviews, conference calls, instant messaging or recording audio files. Your conference call will go a lot smoother with just a little preparation before you start. Get on the software and learn where all the key features are. Try a test call to see how things go. Talk with a friend at work and look at the agenda together there should be one—if there is not, ask for one.
You have leverage if you recognize the accelerating and balancing feedback in system dynamics. Can you ride the waves of change around you? Articulate the urgency, set goals, organize a team to lead change, win hearts and minds, and roll out the new regime.
John Kotter, Leading Change , Strategic responsiveness is the ability to sense new risks and new opportunities in the business environment and to quickly craft a response to those pressures. Arguably the first text on management was a tome on how to avoid waste and unnecessary severity in disciplining subordinates. Breaking down operations into tasks, performing time-and-motion analysis of each task by trained experts, and forcing conformity to the one best way of doing the work was a source of immense productivity gains at first, but soon led to authoritarian micromanagement.
Hewlett-Packard founder and legendary leader David Packard argues that managers must be active and engaged. Team-based methods for seeing the system, using statistics to identify significant issues, eliminating waste, and continuously improving production, ingrained into day-to-day habits and attitudes. Be sure to manage the lists so you get the right things done right.
David Allen, Getting Things Done , Every day, remove one undone item from your to-do list — deciding never to tackle it.
Tasha Eurich, Bankable Leadership: Before about , no one in the middle classes complained about being busy; then, everyone did, after trains and telegrams brought more people together. Florentine and Genoan merchants, codified by Luca Pacioli , a Franciscan friar and collaborator of Leonardo da Vinci, 14th and 15th centuries. Integrate accounting with operations, assigning metrics to every activity, illuminating hidden costs and opportunities for improvement.
Robert S. Kaplan and David P.
Norton , Track asset depreciation, inventory valuation, and other business results, meeting standards of certification and accuracy. Estimate expected revenues and profits against the invested capital, and track the difference with actuals.
Emulate the Toyota Production System, in which people gain direct awareness of the flow of work without data-driven controls. A small central core and multiple branches in which decision making is pushed to the most local feasible level. A company, with a unique strategy, capabilities, and culture, can combine four formal building blocks structures, decision rights, motivators, and information flows and four informal ones norms, commitments, mind-sets, and networks in a tailored way that yields high performance.
The ability to heavily automate business processes brings forth a new way of organizing companies. Modern portfolio theory suggests organizing a company as if each division were a separate profit center.
Harry Markowitz , Authority goes to the person who can best use it at that moment. The structure depends on peer-to-peer relationships among participants. Chris Zook, Profit from the Core , Expand within your current markets by finding new offerings for the same customers. For business strategy, regional differences matter as much as they ever did.
Prompted by the creation of railroads, global time zones enabled the management of large, multistate industrial enterprises. The International Meridian Conference , The global economy is so interconnected that regional differences matter less and less. What they download is the right to continue driving their cars.
Seek customers not just with demographic data but with many criteria, including value, aesthetics, and functionality. Chinese shan zhai companies do the same today.
Samuel Slater , Create a safe, funded place where innovators can work without restrictions. Such an environment led Lockheed Aircraft to produce the first jet fighter in Design sustainability into your business model and your production processes, not just into your products.
Mary Parker Follett , Dynamic Administration , s. Money is a hygiene factor. Not having enough of it causes distress, but job satisfaction matters just as much. How Do You Motivate Employees? People are motivated by fear or by their own ambition. Turn down the lights, and workers work harder. Turn up the lights, and workers work harder. Elton Mayo and the Hawthorne Experiments , — The golden rule in commerce: Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica , — This aspect of Protestant theology may have laid the groundwork for capitalism.
Transformative changes are needed if businesses expect to contribute to social and environmental health. Winston , and Jon Elkington , s. Ascend the hierarchy of needs — attain survival, safety, security, love and belonging, esteem, and ultimately accomplishment and transcendence — to make a contribution larger than oneself.
A Journal , Peter Senge, The Fifth Discipline , Edith and Charles Seashore , — Women should find their own path to the top, making the most of their leadership talent and playing the game in their own way. The belief persists that women can't be great executives because of the potential distractions of motherhood. Only full support for family commitments can overcome that bias. Racism and sexism are manifestations of a deeper problem: Most business professionals are still too unaware of the gaps that exist among people of different backgrounds and status levels.
Corporate charters were issued by Renaissance royalty to allow entrepreneurs to undertake risky new ventures, like sailing to the New World. Joint stock companies , 17th and 18th centuries. Putting business activity inside a single enterprise avoids the friction involved in building and managing external relationships. Ronald Coase, The Nature of the Firm , Peter Drucker , Management, Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince , Chester Barnard, The Functions of the Executive , Companies that plan well for CEO turnover gain significant financial performance.
A great top team is a producer paired with a performer, such as Lynda and Stewart Resnick. Specialization and the division of labor act in systemic fashion without interference. These cycles have three stages: Individuals consistently behave in ways that traditional economic theory, predicated on the optimization of individual self-interest, would not predict.
Are you better off now than you were four years ago?
What has happened in these four years? How much has changed? Did you experience great success? Did you experience failure, and if so, did you learn from it? Did it take perseverance, resilience, grit and a few all-nighters to get here? James Glaser, dean of school the arts and sciences at Tufts University, addresses first-generation college students.